Major Publications On Carbon-related Research
- M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, K. Sugihara, I. L. Spain, and H. A.
Fibers and Filaments (Springer-Verlag, Berlin,
1988), Vol. 5 of Springer Series
in Materials Science.
This book was written firstly as a request from the applications
community who wanted a book that they could use for basic knowledge
of carbon fibers. The
main reason for the book was to help graduate students in the Dresselhaus research group
and other workers in the field understand the
literature on carbon fibers. I have been
requested for some time to
write an updated version of this book with Professor Morinobu
that will explain carbon fibers in the context of carbon nanotubes. We hope to write
such a book in the future.
- M. S. Dresselhaus
and R. Kalish Ion Implantation in Diamond, Graphite and
(Springer-Verlag; Springer Series in Materials Science,
Berlin, 1992). Volume 22.
This book summarizes research in the Dresselhaus group on ion implantation in
and in the Kalish group on ion implantation in diamond relating this
work to that of others in the field.
- M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, and P. C. Eklund, Science of
and Carbon Nanotubes (Academic Press, New York, NY, San Diego, CA, 1996).
This book was requested by researchers working in the fullerene
field to help the field
progress. This book contains summaries of work in
the Dresselhaus group on this topic as well as that
of many others in the
field. The long chapter on carbon nanotubes was written as the
carbon nanotube field was emerging.
- R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus,
Physical Properties of
Carbon Nanotubes (Imperial College Press, London, 1998).
This book was written mostly by my collaborator Riichiro Saito and
joint work. The Saito-Dresselhaus collaboration on
carbon nanotube research started
in 1991 and that fruitful collaboration continues into the present.
- M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, and
Ph. Avouris, Carbon Nanotubes:
Synthesis, Structure, Properties and Applications
2001), Vol. 80 of Springer Series in Topics in Appl.
We were asked by Springer to write this book to summarize the status of
carbon nanotube field with chapters written by experts in the field.
- M. S. Dresselhaus and J. G.
Mavroides, The Fermi surface of Graphite,
IBM Journal of Research and Development 8,
This paper is the first important paper on the use of the magneto-reflection
to describe the energy band structure of graphite within
0.2eV of the Fermi level.
The paper was important both for
illuminating the electronic structure of graphite and
how the magneto-reflection technique could be used to give
about the electronic structure of a crystalline material
over large regions of the
- G. Dresselhaus and M. S. Dresselhaus,
Spin-orbit coupling in Graphite, Phys.
Rev. 140, A401 (1965).
In this paper
Gene and Millie Dresselhaus showed how the Slater-Koster
method could be extended to include
spin-orbit interaction in
graphite. This work led to applications of this method in the
experimental information to imply the electronic structure and phonon
dispersion relations of graphite over the whole Brillouin
zone, and later these
applied to the group V semimetals, and to silicon and germanium.
- P. R. Schroeder, M. S. Dresselhaus, and A. Javan,
Location of Electron and Hole
Carriers in Graphite from Laser Magneto-reflection Data,
Phys. Rev. Lett. 20, 1292 (1968).
This short paper is the first
use of lasers in magneto-reflection experiments and the
turned the electronic energy bands of graphite upside down, interchanging electrons and
holes. The electronic structure implied by this paper is what is
used today for graphite
and sp2 carbons.
- M. S. Dresselhaus and G. Dresselhaus,
Intercalation Compounds of Graphite,
Advances in Phys. 30, 139-326 (1981).
invited review article not only summarizes the research
contributions of the Dresselhaus group to
graphite intercalation compounds, but
became the standard reference of the field of intercalation physics and is
today. Although written at an early time in intercalation
it had a significant influence on future developments in
the field. The Dresselhaus group continued working
very actively on graphite
intercalation compounds for another 10 years after the publication of this review article.
- M. S. Dresselhaus and G. Dresselhaus, Light Scattering in Graphite
Intercalation Compounds, Light Scattering in Solids III 51, 3 (1982).
M. Cardona and G. Güntherodt, Springer-Verlag Berlin,
Topics in Applied Physics.
This early review of light scattering in graphite intercalation compounds
was written to
guide researchers on the use of Raman scattering to
characterize carbon-based materials.
- S. L. di Vittorio, M. S. Dresselhaus, and G. Dresselhaus,
"Localization phenomena and carrier-carrier
interaction in fluorine graphite
compounds", in New
Horizons in Low Dimensional Electron
Systems - A Festschrift in honour of
Professor H. Kamimura, page 3, edited by H. Aoki,
M. Tsukada, M. Schlüter,
and F. Lévy (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1991).
This paper is a brief review which summarizes work in the Dresselhaus group on
2D weak localization
effects in disordered graphites. Stan di Vittorio
was a graduate student in the Dresselhaus group at MIT
who subsequently spent
one year at NEC in Japan.
- M. S. Dresselhaus and J. Steinbeck, Liquid Carbon, Tanso 132, 44-56
Journal of the Japanese Carbon Society.
This invited paper summarizes work in the Dresselhaus group on liquid
carbon. The liquid
carbon was generated by pulsed laser melting of graphite to form a
carbon pool surrounded by crystalline graphite and describes
the properties of liquid
carbon. Most of
this work was performed in the 1983-84
time frame, and it was significant
in showing that large carbon clusters are
released by laser vaporization from a graphite
surface. The discovery
of fullerenes by
Kroto, Smalley and Curl of C60 in 1985
provided an explanation
for these observations.
- M. S.
Recent advances in electronic materials, In Proceedings of the
38th Sagamore Army Materials Research Conference, edited by Thomas V. Hynes,
September, 1991. Sponsored by the Materials Technology
Laboratory, Watertown, MA.
This could be
the first published description anywhere of single-walled
The first presentation on carbon nanotubes we believe occurred in August 1991 at
Workshop on Fullerenes at the University of Pennsylvania. There were
from that workshop. The first paper on carbon
nanotubes we believe was in September 1991
and is published in the proceedings for this
conference on electronic materials. The actual
presentation included a
discussion of recent results in the Dresselhaus group on fullerenes and
some thoughts on single
wall-carbon nanotubes. Figure 5 in that paper shows a (5,5)
nanotube, but it is called a bucky fiber, since the name carbon
not yet been adopted and the bucky fiber was
understood as a tubular manifestation of a
- M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, and P. C. Eklund,
Fullerenes, J. Mater. Res.
8, 2054-2097 (1993).
This paper is an invited
review article on Fullerenes which covers
some of the contributions of the Dresselhaus group to
the fullerene field.
- R. A. Jishi, L. Venkataraman, M. S.
Dresselhaus, and G. Dresselhaus, Phonon
Modes in Carbon Nanotubules, Chem. Phys. Lett.
This paper was written while Radi Jishi, a former graduate
the Dresselhaus group, visited the group for an extended period. Latha Venkataraman was an undergraduate at
MIT who had taken the Dresselhaus group theory course and did her undergraduate
B.S. thesis following
up on this course.
- A. M. Rao, E. Richter, S. Bandow, B. Chase,
P. C. Eklund, K. W. Williams,
M. Menon, K. R. Subbaswamy, A. Thess, R. E. Smalley,
G. Dresselhaus, and
M. S. Dresselhaus, Infrared and Raman spectroscopic studies of
carbon nanotubes, Science 275, 187-191 (1997).
This paper was
inspired by: (1) earlier work in the Dresselhaus group on the
predicted phonon dispersion relations
of single wall carbon
nanotubes, and (2) the observation of an unusual Raman spectra on
soot samples containing only about 1% single wall carbon nanotubes. This paper,
in collaboration with Peter Eklund's group, shows the Raman
spectra for single wall
carbon nanotubes and establishes the diameter
selective resonance Raman process for
single wall carbon nanotubes.
- M. A. Pimenta, A. Marucci,
S. Empedocles, M. Bawendi, E. B. Hanlon, A. M. Rao,
P. C. Eklund, R. E. Smalley,
G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, Raman
modes of metallic carbon nanotubes,
Phys. Rev. B Rapid 58,
This paper shows how the Raman
effect can be used to distinguish
between metallic and semiconducting tubes by
controlling the laser
excitation energy and by using theoretical concepts. The work
while Marcos Pimenta was on sabbatical from Brazil, visiting the Dresselhaus group.
- M. S. Dresselhaus and P. C. Eklund, Phonons in Carbon Nanotubes,
Physics 49, 705-814 (2000).
This invited review article summarizes
in some depth the status of
Raman spectroscopy and phonon dispersion relations prior to
on single nanotube spectroscopy.
- A. Jorio,
G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus, M. Souza, M. S. S. Dantas, M. A.
Pimenta, A. M. Rao,
R. Saito, C. Liu, and H. M. Cheng, Polarized Raman Study
of Single Wall Semiconducting
Carbon Nanotubes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85,
This paper shows,
using polarized light, how to analyze the Raman
spectra of single wall carbon nanotubes
which theory shows to contain 6
symmetry-allowed components in the G-band
different polarization geometries, the contributions from each
of the 6
symmetry-allowed components are obtained, thereby providing the
the unambiguous analysis of Raman spectra on single
wall carbon nanotubes.
- A. Jorio, R. Saito, J. H. Hafner, C. M. Lieber, M. Hunter,
G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, Structural (n,m) determination of
isolated single wall carbon nanotubes by resonant Raman scattering, Phys.
86, 1118-1121 (2001).
This paper, inspired by a surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy
wall carbon nanotubes in collaboration with Katrin Kneipp and
huge enhancements in intensity, is the first observation of
the Raman spectra from one
nanotube, made possible by the strong van
Hove singularities in the density of electronic
states. This paper
also showed how Raman spectroscopy at the single nanotube level can
be used to get the geometrical structure of the nanotube. Ado Jorio
was a postdoctoral
visitor from Brazil and this work benefitted
greatly from a three week visit by Riichiro
Saito while these
experiments were in progress, and the sample for this experiment
by Charlie Lieber and Jason Hafner at Harvard University.
- A. Jorio, A. G. Souza Filho, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus,
R. Saito, J. H.
Hafner, C. M. Lieber, F. M. Matinaga, M. S. S. Dantas, and M. A. Pimenta,
Joint density of electronic states for one isolated single wall carbon
by resonant Raman scattering, Phys. Rev. B 63, 245416
This paper shows how
the profile of the joint density of electronic
states of a one-dimensional system can be
obtained by Raman
spectroscopy using a tunable laser. This work was done in the
laboratory of Marcos Pimenta in Brazil who had a suitable tunable
laser system to do this
experiment. The less than 1 meV width of the
van Hove singularity explains why it is
possible to see Raman spectra
from just one carbon nanotube.
- A. G. Souza Filho, A. Jorio, J. H. Hafner, C. M. Lieber, R. Saito,
Pimenta, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, Electronic transition energy
Eii for an isolated (n,m) single-wall carbon nanotube obtained by
anti-Stokes/Stokes resonant Raman intensity ratio, Phys. Rev. B 63,
This paper shows how the intensity ratio of the Stokes to anti-Stokes features
radial breathing mode in the Raman (phonon) spectrum can
accurately determine the energy
of the van Hove singularly in the
(electronic) density of states. The experiment was
done by Antonio
G. Souza Filho, a graduate student from Brazil who visited the
Dresselhaus group at MIT
for 9 months during his Ph.D. thesis research.
- M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, A. Jorio, A. G. Souza Filho, and R. Saito,
Raman Spectroscopy of Isolated Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes, Carbon (2002).
Submitted 10/13/01: LRR-66/01. A review of the present status of the Raman spectra for
isolated individual Carbon nanotubes is presented, emphasizing new physical principles,
and the relation between spectra on single wall nanotube bundles and individual
nanotubes for the radial breathing mode, G-band, D-band and G'-band.
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